2016.3-29

Eponyms in Tuberculosis

Nora Mohammed Al-Aboud

College of Applied Sciences, Umm Al-Qura University, Makkah, Saudi-Arabia

Corresponding author: Dr. Nora Mohammed Al-Aboud, E-mail: amoa65@hotmail.com

Submission: 22.09.2015; Acceptance: 06.12.2015
DOI: 10.7241/ourd.20163.98


Tuberculosis (TB) is an old disease and the most common cause of infection-related death worldwide. In 1993, the World Health Organization (WHO) declared TB to be a global public health emergency.

There are several eponyms related to TB. Some of these eponyms are rarely used in the present time. For example some medical dictionaries mention about “Lorenz sign”, which is an obsolete term for stiffness of the thoracic spine in early pulmonary tuberculosis. Named after, Adolf Lorenz (1854 – 1946) (Fig. 1), who was an Austrian surgeon [1].

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Figure 1: Adolf Lorenz (1854-1946).
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Figure 2: Ernest Bazin (1894-1964).
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Figure 3: Frederick Roland George Heaf (1894-1973).
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Figure 4: Charles Mantoux (1877-1947).
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Figure 5: Robert Heinrich Herman Koch (1843-1910).
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Figure 6: Clemens Peter Freiherr von Pirquet (1874-1929).

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Figure 7: Florence Barbara Seibert (1897-1991).
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Figure 8: Sir Percivall Pott (1714-1788).
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Figure 9: Fritz Valdemar Rasmussen (1837-1877).
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Figure 10: Franz Ziehl (1857-1926).
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Figure 11: Friedrich Carl Adolf Neelsen (1854-1898).

One may find little information in the literature about the origin of some of the eponyms related to tuberculosis. An example of this is “Löwenstein-Jensen” media used for TB culture.

In Table I, we tried to summarize the available literature for selected eponyms linked to TB.

Table 1: Selected eponyms in tuberculosis
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REFERENCES

1. Jackson RW, Pollo FE, The legacy of Professor Adolf Lorenz, the “bloodless surgeon of Vienna”Proc (Bayl Univ Med Cent) 2004; 17: 3-7.

2. Al Aboud A, Al Aboud K, A mini-review on eponyms in the dermatology literature linked to FranceOur Dermatol Online 2013; 4: Suppl. 2440-3.

3. Kenéz J, [Anton Ghon and the hilus lymph nodes]Orv Hetil 1966; 107: 1953-6.

4. Ober WB, Ghon but not forgotten: Anton Ghon and his complexPathol Annu 1983; 18: Pt 279-85.

5. Frederick Roland George HeafLancet 1973; 1: 383-4.[No authors listed]

6. Mazana JS, [Tuberculosis and its eponyms: Charles Mantoux (1877-1947)]Rev Esp Sanid Penit 2009; 11: 17-23.

7. Huber B, [100 years of allergy: Clemens von Pirquet – his idea of allergy and its immanent concept of disease]Wien Klin Wochenschr 2006; 118: 573-9.

8. Akkermans R, Robert Heinrich Herman KochLancet Respir Med 2014; 2: 264-5.

9. Hakulinen E, [The man behind the syndrome: Percivall Pott. Reorganizer in English surgery–he even wielded the pen masterfully]Lakartidningen 1985; 82: 2784-5.

10. Sternbach G, Percivall Pott: tuberculous spondylitisJ Emerg Med 1996; 14: 79-83.

11. [No authors listed] Classics in oncology Sir Percivall Pott (1714-1788)CA Cancer J Clin 1974; 24: 108-16.

12. Pagel W, [The 50th anniversary of Karl Ernst Ranke’s death]Prax Pneumol 1976; 30: 721-4.

13. Michel M, van den Heuvel, M.D., Ph.DJacques J, van Rensburg, Rasmussen’s Aneurysm N Engl J Med 2006; 355: e17-

14. van den Heuvel MM, van Rensburg JJ, Images in clinical medicine. Rasmussen’s aneurysmN Engl J Med 2006; 355: e17-

15. Blasi A, [Historical considerations on so-called Rasmussen’s aneurysm; S.W. Fearn’s (1841) and W. Stark’s (1788) observations on aneurysm of branches of the pulmonary artery in tuberculous caverns]Arch Tisiol Mal Appar Respir 1953; 8: 227-32.

16. Wang W, Gao L, Wang X, Rasmussen’s aneurysm with aspergilloma in old, healed pulmonary tuberculosisClin Imaging 2013; 37: 580-2.

17. Al Aboud K, Al Aboud A, Eponyms in the dermatology literature linked to Stains used in Skin biopsiesOur Dermatol Online 2013; 4: 569-72.

Notes

Source of Support: Nil,

Conflict of Interest: None declared.


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