2019.4.33.Omphalolith

Omphalolith: a rare umbilical concretion

Siham Mansouri, Sara Mai, Badr Hassam, Meriem Meziane

Dermatology Department, University Hospital Ibn Sina, Rabat Morocco

Corresponding author: Dr. Siham Mansouri, E-mail: siham-mnsr@hotmail.fr

Submission: 13.02.2019; Acceptance: 04.05.2019

DOI: 10.7241/ourd.20194.33

Cite this article: Siham Mansouri, Sara Mai, Badr Hassam, Meriem Meziane. Omphalolith: a rare umbilical concretion. Our Dermatol Online. 2019;10(4):411-412.

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© Our Dermatology Online 2019. No commercial re-use. See rights and permissions. Published by Our Dermatology Online.

Sir,

A 76-year-old woman was referred by her general physician to our dermatology department for the management of suspicious looking umbilical nodule of 10 years duration. She had no abdominal pain, weight loss, or fever. The patient did not give any history of passage of mucous, faces, or other discharge through the umbilicus. On exam she had a painful brownish-black, dry appearing mass of approximately 2 centimeters in length (Fig. 1) protruding from her umbilicus. There was no frank ulceration. The dermoscopic examination did not show a pigmented network or vascular patterns. It exhibited a dry crusted appearance. (Fig. 2). The remainder of the examination was unremarkable. Clinically, an omphalolith or umbilical concretion was suspected. It was easily removed with a warmed glycerin preparation. The histopathological examination of the specimen revealed concentric lamellae of keratin without evidence of any tumor.

Figure 1: A painful brownish-black umbilical mass.                                                  
Figure 2: The dermoscopic examination exhibited a dry crusted appearance
Omphalolith is an uncommon entity under normal circumstances, generally asymptomatic, very few cases have been reported. It refers to sebum and keratin that have accumulated into a stone-like concretion in an umbilical cleft [1]. This calculi may remain undiagnosed for many years until revealed by secondary complication (infection or ulceration) [1,2]. Omphalolith generally presents with a firm, black umbilical mass that could be mistaken for other benign or malignant tumors of the umbilicus (melanoma, primary umbilical malignancy, umbilical metastasis, cholesteatoma, endometriosis…) [3,4], pushing for unnecessary and costly consultations, procedures and imaging studies [5]. Superficial parts of the omphalolith can appear dark brown or black, likely due to melanin and oxidation of lipids much like an open comedone [4]. Omphalolith is usually associated with bad hygiene, when the patient fails to clean a deep umbilical cleft enough to contain a significant concretion [3]. It can be removed by gentle manipulation or through adequate opening of umbilical foramen under local anesthesia to the periumbilical area.

Recognition of the diagnosis of omphalolith is important owing to the rarity of the condition. It’s crucial to differentiate it from other benign and malignant conditions of the umbilicus and to avoid unnecessary imaging and procedures.

Consent

The examination of the patient was conducted according to the Declaration of Helsinki principles.

REFERENCES

1.  Ichiki Y, Kitajima Y. Omphalith. Clin Exp Dermatol. 2008;34:420–1.

2.  Mihara K. Omphalolith:An umbilical concretion to recognize. J Gen Intern Med. 2016;31:1396.

3.  Nittala P. Omphalolith/umbolith:CT and MR imaging appearances in two patients. Singapore Med J. 2009;50:745.

4.  Sheehan D, Sarwat H, Vijayaraghavan G. Umbilical concretion. Radiol Case. 2011;5:25–31.

5.  Kumar SKL, Reddy CO, Reddy K. Omphalolith. Indian J Surg. 2011;73:238-9.

Notes

Source of Support: Nil

Conflict of Interest: None declared.

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