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Our Dermatol Online.  2013; 4(Suppl. 2): 424-425
DOI:.  10.7241/ourd.20133.108
Date of submission:  04.05.2013 / acceptance: 27.06.2013
Conflicts of interest: None


Khalid Al Aboud1, Ahmad Al Aboud2

1Department of Public Health, King Faisal Hospital, Makkah, Saudi Arabia
2Dermatology Department, King Abdullah Medical City, Makkah, Saudi Arabia

Corresponding author:  Dr. Khalid Al Aboud    e-mail: amoa65@hotmail.com


Poland officially the republic of Poland, is a country in Central Europe. The total area of Poland is 312,679 square kilometres (120,726 sq mi), making it the 9th largest in Europe. Poland has a population of over 38.5 million people [1]. Polish is the official language. It is becoming an interesting location for research and development investments [1]. Many scientists and researchers originated from Poland. However, in the 19th and 20th centuries many Polish scientists worked abroad; one of the greatest of these exiles was Maria Skłodowska-Curie (1867-1934), (Fig. 1), a physicist and chemist who lived much of her life in France [1]. Marie Curie or Madame Curie, was a Polish physicist and chemist, working mainly in France [1], who is famous for her pioneering research on radioactivity. She was the first woman to win a Nobel Prize, the only woman to win in two fields, and the only person to win in multiple sciences. There are, also great contribution, made to dermatology from Poland [2]. Neverthless, not all of those contributions credited as eponyms. Just as example, Jadwiga Schwann was a dermatologist from Poland [3]. Among her contributions to dermatology, she is credited for describing a syndrome, in German and Polish languagues. This syndrome appeared latter in English literature by Robert S. Bart (Dermatologist) and Robert E. Pumphrey (Otolaryngologist); both from USA, and so the syndrome was then known as Bart – Pumphrey syndrome. Schwann syndrome is cited in the Online Mendelian Inheritance in Man, as knuckle pads, leukonychia, and sensorineural deafness. It is characterized by knuckle pads, leukonychia, palmoplanter keratoderma (PPK) and sensorineural deafness [3]. In Table I [4-10], we highlighted on selected eponyms, in dermatology literature, linked to Poland.
Figure 1. Maria Skłodowska-Curie
Eponyms in the dermatology
literature linked to Poland
Dąbska tumor (DT) [4]
It is a rare, low-grade angiosarcoma that often affects the skin of children. It is named after, Maria Dąbska, a Polish pathologist, born 1920, (Fig. 2). She originally described DT in 1969 and named it malignant endovascular papillary angioendothelioma of the skin in childhood. She described 6 patients during a 14-year period (1953-1967) at the Maria Sklodowska-Curie Institute of Oncology in Warsaw, Poland, where she was a member of the Pathology faculty.
Figure 2. Maria Dąbska
Generalized eruptive
keratoacanthoma of Grzybowski
There are two forms of keratoacanthoma: a solitary form and a multiple form. The multiple form has two variants: multiple self-healing epitheliomas of skin or Ferguson Smith type (described in 1934, in a Scottish family) and eruptive keratoacanthoma or Grzybowski type (described in 1950). Features of both Grzybowski and Ferguson-Smith types are found in the multiple familial keratoacanthoma of Witten and Zak (described in 1952). Though solitary cutaneous keratoacanthomas are common, the multiple variants are extremely rare. John Ferguson Smith (1888-1978), was a British physician. Marian Grzybowski (1895-1949), (Fig. 3), was a Polish dermatologist.
Figure 3. Marian Grzybowski
Mikulicz’s cells [8-10]
These are macrophages found in the diseased tissue in cases of rhinoscleroma and containing the organisms of Klebsiella rhinoscleromatis. Named for, Jan Mikulicz-Radecki (1850-1905), (Fig. 4), who was a Polish-Austrian surgeon.There are several other eponyms attached to his name. For eamples; Mikulicz’s disease: Benign lymphocytic infiltration and enlargement of the lacrimal and salivary glands. It is often referred to as benign lymphoepithelial lesion. Mikulicz’s syndrome: Symptoms characteristic of Mikulicz’s disease when occurring as a complication of another disease, such as leukemia or sarcoidosis.
Figure 2. Jan Mikulicz-Radecki (1850-1905)

                 Table I. Selected Eponyms in the dermatology literature linked to Poland

1. Poland. Wikipedia® [Internet]. Wikimedia Foundation. [Updated 1 May 2013; cited 1 May 2013]. Available from: http://en.wikipedia. org/wiki/Poland
2. Al Aboud K: Jadwiga Schwann and her syndrome. Our Dermatol Online. 2011;2:224-5.
3. Grzybowski A: Polish dermatology in the 19th and the first half of the 20th centuries. Int J Dermatol. 2008;47:91-101.
4. Schwartz RA, Janniger EJ: On being a pathologist: Maria Dąbska- -the woman behind the eponym, a pioneer in pathology. Hum Pathol. 2011;42:913-7.
5. Young SK, Larsen PE, Markowitz NR: Generalized eruptive keratoacanthoma. Oral Surg Oral Med Oral Pathol. 1986;62:422-6.
6. Agarwal M, Chander R, Karmakar S, Walia R: Multiple familial keratoacanthoma of Witten and Zak – A report of three siblings. Dermatology. 1999;198:396-9.
7. Grzybowski A, Zaba R: Grzybowski’s keratoacanthoma–the man behind the eponym. Med Sci Monit. 2008;14:1-3.
8. Fernández-Vozmediano JM, Armario Hita JC, González Cabrerizo A: Rhinoscleroma in three siblings. Pediatr Dermatol. 2004;21:134- 8.
9. Mahmood K, Khan A, Malik SA, Ilyas M: Mikulicz syndrome, an uncommon entity in Pakistan. J Coll Physicians Surg Pak. 2007;17:101-2.
10. Kuczkowski J, Stankiewicz C, Plichta L, Cieszyńska J: Jan Mikulicz-Radecki (1850-1905): a fundamental contributor to world surgery; surgeon of the head, neck, and esophagus. Eur Arch Otorhinolaryngol. 2012;269:1999-2001.



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