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Our Dermatol Online. 2013; 4(1): 128-129
DOI:.  10.7241/ourd.20131.32
Date of submission:  18.09.2012 / acceptance: 20.10.2012
Conflicts of interest: None



Khalid Al Aboud1, Ahmad Al Aboud2

1Dermatology Department, King Faisal Hospital, Makkah, Saudi Arabia
2Dermatology Department, King Abdullah Medical City, Makkah, Saudi Arabia

Corresponding author: Dr. Dr. Khalid Al Aboud     e-mail: amoa65@hotmail.com

Eponyms are one type of nomenclature in medical literature. In dermatology, in particular, there are many existing eponyms and many are added with times [1,2]. However not all the eponyms in dermatology preserve its place in the literature. As some of them are already replaced by descriptive names or by other types of nomenclature and some are in their ways to lose its uses. In this communication, we shall highlights on one of the fading eponyms in dermatology which is Verneuil disease. Verneuil’s disease is a previous name for hidradenitis suppurativa. The term „Verneuil’s disease” is no longer in common usage in dermatology literature. Verneuil’s disease is named after Aristide Auguste Stanislas Verneuil (1823-1895), (Fig. 1), who was a French physician and surgeon [3,4]. In addition to Verneuil disease , there are other medical conditions named after Aristide Auguste Stanislas Verneuil. These include Calvé-Kümmell-Verneuil disease or Kümmell- Verneuil’s disease [5,6], which is the posttraumatic vertebral body necrosis. This disease can occur as a rare but serious complication several months or even years after a spinal trauma. Jacques Calvé (1875-1954), is a French orthopedic surgeon. Whereas Hermann Kümmell (1852-1937), was a German surgeon. Verneuil’s neuroma (plexiform neuroma) is another eponym linked to Aristide Auguste Stanislas Verneuil, but is no longer used in the current medical literature. Hidradenitis suppurativa is a common skin disease [7-11]. Clinical manifestations include painful nodules, abscesses, sinus tracts, and ropelike hypertrophic scars in the apocrine gland-bearing areas [9]. Treatment is both medical and surgical: wide-spectrum antibiotics and excisions tailored to the extent of involvement [9]. It was first described as a distinct entity in 1839, when Velpeau reported a patient with superficial abscess formation in the axillary, mammary, and perianal regions [11]. In 1854, Verneuil associated the suppurative process with the sweat glands [10], and the condition was given its current name. Not having performed any histopathologic studies himself, Verneuil conceded that his conclusion was based purely on the characteristic distribution of the condition [11]. Aristide Auguste Stanislas Verneuil studied medicine in Paris [4], where his instructors were Jacques Lisfranc de St. Martin (1790–1847), Pierre-Antoine-Ernest Bazin (1807–1878), Charles-Pierre Denonvilliers (1808–1872) and Joseph-François Malgaigne (1806–1865) [4]. In 1887 he replaced Leon Athanese Gosselin (1815–1887) at the „Académie des Sciences” [4]. The scientific activities of Verneuil were numerous but among others he is best known for contributions made in the development of wound dressing, and is credited for introducing forcipressure in treatment of hemorrhage [4]. (TU OBRAZEK) Figure 1. Aristide Auguste Stanislas Verneuil (1823-1895). A courtesy of The National library of Medicine
Figure 1. Aristide Auguste Stanislas Verneuil (1823-1895). A courtesy of The National library of Medicine
1. Al Aboud K, Al Hawsawi K, Ramesh V, Al Aboud D, Al Githami A: Eponyms in dermatology. Skinmed. 2004;3:11-2. 2. Al Aboud K, Al Hawsawi K, Ramesh V, Al Aboud D, Al Githami A: An appraisal of terms used in dermatology. Skinmed. 2003;2:151-3. 3. Aristide Auguste Stanislas Verneuil. [A page on the Internet].From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia Wikipedia® is a registered trademark of the Wikimedia Foundation, Inc. [This page was last modified 2012 July 13; cited 2012 Sep 8] .Available at; http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Aristide_Auguste_Stanislas_Verneuil 4. Astruc P: [Verneuil and the learned surgeons]. Prog Med (Paris). 1956;84:212-4. 5. Assmann H, Montag M, Krzok G, Endert G: [Case reports of the Kümmel-Verneuil syndrome]. Rev Med Chir Soc Med Nat Iasi. 1992;96:103-6. 6. Malzer U, Pfeiffer M, Griss P: Posttraumatic vertebral body necrosis (Kümmell-Verneuil disease). Case report of a rare orthopaedic disease with histopathological correlation. Eur Spine J. 1992;1:55-9. 7. Coda A, Ferri F: [Perianal Verneuil’s disease]. Minerva Chir. 1991;46:465-7. 8. Ammaturo C, Bruzzese E, Pascotto R, Morra C, Formato M, Romano C: [Verneuil’s suppurative hidradenitis. A case report]. Minerva Chir. 1992;47:1125-9. 9. Revuz J: Hidradenitis suppurativa. Presse Med. 2010;39:1254-64. 10. Verneuil AS: Etudes sur les tumeurs de la peau et quelques maladies de glandes sudoripares. Arch Gen Med. 1854;94:693-705. 11. Jovanovic M, Elston DM: Hidradenitis Suppurativa .Available online at; http://emedicine.medscape.com/article/1073117-overview#a0104 . Updated: Aug 24, 2012.Accessed Sep, 1st, 2012.



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